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Warren Township, New Jersey

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Warren Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Warren
Map of Warren Township in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Warren Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40.634588°N 74.519044°WCoordinates40.634588°N 74.519044°W[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Somerset
Incorporated March 5, 1806
Named for Joseph Warren
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Victor J. Sordillo (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Administrator Mark M. Krane[4]
 • Clerk Patricia DiRocco [4]
Area[2]
 • Total 19.644 sq mi (50.877 km2)
 • Land 19.567 sq mi (50.678 km2)
 • Water 0.077 sq mi (0.199 km2)  0.39%
Area rank 145th of 566 in state
8th of 21 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 509 ft (155 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 15,311
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 15,716
 • Rank 165th of 566 in state
7th of 21 in county[11]
 • Density 782.5/sq mi (302.1/km2)
 • Density rank 407th of 566 in state
13th of 21 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07059[12]
Area code(s) 908732/848
FIPS code 3403576940[13][2][14]
GNIS feature ID 0882173[15][2]
Website http://www.warrennj.org

Warren Township is a township in Somerset CountyNew Jersey, United States. As of the2010 United States Census, the township's population was 15,311,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 1,052 (+7.4%) from the 14,259 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,429 (+31.7%) from the 10,830 counted in the 1990 Census.[16]

Warren was originally inhabited by the LenapeNative Americans and was settled in the 1720s by European farmers. As early as 1900, it became a destination for wealthy residents looking to escape nearby New York City.[17]Warren was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 5, 1806, from portions of Bernards Township andBridgewater Township. The south-eastern half of the original township (which was close to a railroad and contained most of the population) was separated off as North Plainfield Township (since renamed to Green Brook Township) on April 2, 1872.[18] Warren is named forRevolutionary War patriot, General Joseph Warren, who was killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill.[17]

In July 2009, CNNMoney.com ranked Warren #6 in its list of "Best Places to Live" in the United States,[19] citing in particular its schools, June carnival (the Lions Club's annual "Expo"), "wide open spaces" (generally 1.5 acres (6,100 m2) per house), 74 "working farms" ("taxed-as-farmland" tracts, but rural, nevertheless), and proximity to New York City.

 


 

Geography[edit]

Warren Township is located at40°38′05″N 74°31′09″W(40.634588,-74.519044). According to theUnited States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 19.644 square miles (50.877 km2), of which, 19.567 square miles (50.678 km2) of it is land and 0.077 square miles (0.199 km2) of it (0.39%) is water.[1][2] The east-west Second Watchung Mountain ridge bisects Warren, with the northern half of the township sloping northward to the Passaic River andDead River, and the southern half spanning the Washington Valley, between the First and Second Watchung Mountain ridges, through which runs the East Branch of the Middlebrook.

History[edit]

Warren Township is named for the hero of Bunker Hill, Joseph Warren. The town was formed in 1806 from parts of Bernards and Bridgewater Townships.[18] Warren celebrated its 200th anniversary in 2006.

Unincorporated communities within the township include Coontown, Dockwatch Hollow, Mount Bethel, Plainfield Gardens, Round Top, Smalleytown, Springdale, Union Village,[20] and Warrenville,[20] although many of these place names have fallen into disuse.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Census Pop.  
1810 1,354  
1820 1,452   7.2%
1830 1,561   7.5%
1840 1,601   2.6%
1850 2,148   34.2%
1860 2,338   8.8%
1870 2,705   15.7%
1880 1,204 * −55.5%
1890 1,045   −13.2%
1900 1,008   −3.5%
1910 1,035   2.7%
1920 1,083   4.6%
1930 1,399   29.2%
1940 2,139   52.9%
1950 3,316   55.0%
1960 5,386   62.4%
1970 8,592   59.5%
1980 9,805   14.1%
1990 10,830   10.5%
2000 14,259   31.7%
2010 15,311   7.4%
Est. 2012 15,716 [10] 2.6%
Population sources:
1800-1920[21] 1840[22] 1850-1870[23]
1850[24] 1870[25] 1880-1890[26]
1890-1910[27] 1910-1930[28]
1930-1990[29] 2000[30][31] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[18]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,311 people, 5,059 households, and 4,285 families residing in the township. The population density was 782.5 inhabitants per square mile (302.1 /km2). There were 5,258 housing units at an average density of 268.7 per square mile (103.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 80.94% (12,392) White, 1.52% (233) Black or African American, 0.05% (7) Native American, 15.07% (2,307) Asian, 0.10% (15) Pacific Islander, 0.64% (98) from other races, and 1.69% (259) from two or more races.Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.36% (820) of the population.[7]

There were 5,059 households of which 42.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.8% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.3% were non-families. 12.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.30.[7]

In the township, 27.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 18.5% from 25 to 44, 34.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.8 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Surveyshowed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $135,143 (with a margin of error of +/- $23,156) and the median family income was $162,083 (+/- $17,221). Males had a median income of $115,875 (+/- $15,861) versus $68,450 (+/- $13,300) for females. The per capita incomefor the township was $71,469 (+/- $6,664). About 0.8% of families and 0.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.8% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[32]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[13] there were 14,259 people, 4,629 households, and 3,939 families residing in the township. The population density was 725.0 people per square mile (279.9/km²). There were 4,718 housing units at an average density of 239.9 per square mile (92.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 86.28% White, 1.26% African American, 0.04%Native American, 10.67% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.19% of the population.[30][31]

There were 4,629 households out of which 45.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.3% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.9% were non-families. 12.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.05 and the average family size was 3.33.[30][31]

In the township the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.[30][31]

The median income for a household in the township was $103,677, and the median income for a family was $121,264. Males had a median income of $80,231 versus $46,356 for females. The per capita income for the township was $49,475. About 0.7% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over.[30][31]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Warren Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting held in the first week of January, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor. Township Committee meetings are held at the municipal building on Thursdays.

As of 2013, Township Committee members are Mayor Victor J. Sordillo (Republican Party, term as mayor ends December 31, 2013; term on committee ends 2015), Deputy Mayor Gary P. DiNardo (R, term as deputy mayor ends in 2013; term on committee ends 2015), Carolann Garafola (R, 2013), George K. Lazo (R, 2014) and Michael C. "Mick" Marion (R, 2014).[33][34][35][36]

Former Township Committee member Frank Salvato, re-elected in 2008, served until his death in 2011 at the age of 98, having been first elected to the Committee in the 1938 and served as mayor in 1939, the township's youngest.[37]

In 1975, the Township Committee created the position of Township Administrator, to serve a one-year term beginning in July of each year. The current Township Administrator, Mark M. Krane, has served in that post since 1986.[4]

The Historical Sites Committee was formed in 1971 and members are appointed by the governing body to administer municipally owned historic landmarks. The historical landmarks they have protected are the Mount Bethel Meeting House, the Kirch-Ford House, and two small family cemeteries. The Meeting House dates back to mid-1700 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Warren Township is located in the 7th Congressional District[38] and is part of New Jersey's 21st state legislative district.[8][39][40]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (RClinton Township).[41] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (DNewark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[42][43] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[44][45]

The 21st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate byThomas Kean, Jr. (RWestfield) and in the General Assembly by Jon Bramnick (R, Westfield) andNancy Munoz (R, Summit).[46] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (RMendham Township).[47] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[48]

Somerset County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members.[49] As of 2013, Somerset County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Peter S. Palmer (RBernardsville, term ends December 31, 2014),[50] Freeholder Deputy Director Patrick Scaglione (R, Bridgewater Township, 2015).[51] Mark Caliguire (R, Skillman in Montgomery Township, 2015),[52] Patricia L. Walsh (R,Green Brook Township, 2013),[53] and Robert Zaborowski (R, Somerset in Franklin Township, 2014),[54][55][56] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Brett A. Radi (R, Somerville, 2017),[57] Sheriff Frank J. Provenzano (R, Raritan, 2013)[58][59] and Surrogate Frank Bruno (R, Branchburg, 2015).[60]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 10,466 registered voters in Warren Township, of which 1,875 (17.9% vs. 26.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 3,484 (33.3% vs. 25.7%) were registered as Republicans and 5,102 (48.7% vs. 48.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 5 voters registered to other parties.[61] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 68.4% (vs. 60.4% in Somerset County) were registered to vote, including 94.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 80.4% countywide).[61][62]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 4,813 votes here (58.5% vs. 46.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 3,259 votes (39.6% vs. 52.1%) and other candidates with 88 votes (1.1% vs. 1.1%), among the 8,222 ballots cast by the township's 10,367 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.3% (vs. 78.7% in Somerset County).[63] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 4,761 votes here (60.5% vs. 51.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 2,988 votes (38.0% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 65 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 7,866 ballots cast by the township's 9,375 registered voters, for a turnout of 83.9% (vs. 81.7% in the whole county).[64]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 3,782 votes here (67.2% vs. 55.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,355 votes (24.1% vs. 34.1%), Independent Chris Daggett with 433 votes (7.7% vs. 8.7%) and other candidates with 30 votes (0.5% vs. 0.7%), among the 5,632 ballots cast by the township's 10,420 registered voters, yielding a 54.0% turnout (vs. 52.5% in the county).[65]

Education[edit]

The Warren Township Schools serve public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics.[66]) are four elementary schools (for grades K-5) — Central School (317 students),Mt. Horeb School (356, includes Pre-K), Angelo L. Tomaso School (355), and Woodland School (361) — along with Warren Middle School (804) for grades 6-8.

Students in public school for grades 9-12 attend Watchung Hills Regional High School, which serves students from Warren as well as the neighboring communities of WatchungGreen Brook(in Somerset County), and Long Hill Township (in Morris County).[67]

Economy[edit]

The insurance company Chubb is based in Warren.[68]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Warren Township include:

Points of interest[edit]

  • Wagner Farm Arboretum[83]
  • Mount Bethel Meeting House, c. 1770
  • Kirch-Ford House, c. 1770
  • Torino's (traditionally: the King George Inn), c. 1820
  • Springdale United Methodist Church, c. 1840
  • Mount Horeb United Methodist Church, 1867
  • Hofheimer Mausoleum (sometimes colloquially referred to as the "Tomb of the 12 Nuns")


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